For over two thousand years, Turkey has been home to the hazelnut. In fact, today eight out of every 10 hazelnuts consumed around the world is grown in Turkey. “If there were no hazelnuts in Turkey, the global price would go up five-fold,” said one local grower. The threat isn’t entirely academic – while Turkey has the best growing conditions to support large-scale cultivation, farmers today can still face many challenges in maintaining their crops.

Turkey is a homeland of hazelnut culture. Hazelnuts are cultivated in the North of Anatolia, called the old and new region. … Turkey is the most im- portant hazelnut producer in the world with 705 thousand hectares of total area and average of 600 thousand tons. It meets 70% of hazelnut production in the world.