Previous
Next

Raisins (Sultanas)

Raisins (Sultanas)

Turkey and Iran have  1200 different types of fresh grapes and have been among the five major producers of grapes throughout the world with an annual average production of about 8 million tons. Among these varieties, seedless “Yuvarlak and Sultani” are the main varieties used for raisins. Seedless raisins are grown especially in the Aegean Region of Turkey, which is blessed with some of the most fertile land in the world, plenty of sunshine and abundant water supplies.

The original name of the famous seedless  raisins, “Sultana, Sultanna, Sultanine”

About 60% of the total production in this region is seedless. Depending on foreign demand, the tendency in Iran and Turkey is towards more production without reducing quality. This has been realized by both increasing viticulture areas throughout the country and utilizing modern viticulture techniques to increase the yield.

raisin production.

Table 1: World Raisin Production by Countries (Tons)

Rank

Countries

2016

2017

Change (%)

Share (%) 2017

1

Turkey

313,000

270,000

-13.7

22

2

USA

243,000

230,000

-5.3

18

3

Iran

180,000

165,000

-8.3

13

4

China

130,000

160,000

23.1

13

5

India

135,000

135,000

0

11

6

Chile

60,000

60,000

0

5

7

South Africa

45,000

57,000

26.7

5

8

Uzbekistan

50,000

50,000

0

4

9

Afghanistan

45,000

50,000

11.1

4

10

Argentina

18,000

33,500

86.1

3

11

Greece

27,000

27,000

0

2

12

Australia

12,000

17,000

41.7

1

Total

1,258,000

1,254,500

-0.3

100

national Nut and Dried Fruit Council – INC

Processing of Raisins (Sultanas) in the factory:

After raisins reach to factory, firstly they are double washed and sieved. Then dried by centrifuge and heat. Then coated with vegetable oil, stem removing, optical sorting, X-ray sorting, hand sorting, then packed and metal detected under extreme care of hygienic conditions and with legal and safety requirements and the special specifications.